Here is the second part of our detailed tutorial on passing the closed guard in BJJ. (Part 1 is here) In this part we will be looking at how to pass guard using the single underhook stack pass or smash pass as its otherwise known with the optional extra of a stacking choke to submit your opponent at the end of the guard pass.
The single underhook stack pass is a form of pressure passing, hence the alternative name of smash pass, as you use your weight bearing heavy pressure down upon your opponent to control them and keep them still while you move your hips around theirs passing their legs and moving into your pin position or submitting them via this powerful choke.
Optional Concept: Training Partner Blocks Knee Through Pass.
We are attempting to pass with our knee through pass as in tutorial 1 however our opponent perhaps blocks us from passing his guard in this manner by posting a wedge on our inside hip and shoulder with his arms or maybe we have just decided to do a stack pass. either way we reach in and secure the collar grip regardless, same as with the previous pass to keep him still and prevent any further movements. this first grip will also facilitate our second grip in the next step.
(1) Partners Bottom arm blocks our hip.
(2) Partners top arm blocks our opposite Shoulder.
(3) We take collar grip anyway.
(1) & (2) As we push our knee to the ground and reach forwards for the collar grip, we feel our partner post his arms as a wedge against our incoming hip and shoulder to seperate us from applying shoulder pressure to his head and hip pressure against his hips.
(3) We reach forward with our hand and take the collar grip same as before. this will stop our partner pulling away and keep him still for us to work with and allow easier access for our next grip.
Concept: Reaching Under Knee
We now want to set up our grips the same as our previous pass in order to keep hold of our partner so we can proceed to flow in a different direction away from the resistance of his posts.
(1) Keep Collar Grip.
(2) Reach Under Leg.
(1) We want to keep our collar grip and pull on it, this not only allows us to keep our partner still but sets us up for further steps where we want to pass it to our other hand.
(2) We then reach back and place our hand behind our opponents knee same as before whilst keeping his other leg pinned underneath our shin.
Concept: Put Leg On Shoulder
By lifting my opponents leg up onto my shoulder using the grip i have around his knee with my hand and wrist, I am able to drive the leg forwards much more and keep it in a higher position, removing any slack. This will prevent my opponent turning into the knee shield position and enable me to keep him still while I move to a much closer position in relation to his upper body enabling me to stack him and compress his guard with lots of pressure .
1) Scoop Leg From Wrist To Shoulder.
1) Using the cupped grip I have around my partners knee, I lift my arm up brining his leg upwards allowing me to duck into the space I’ve just created and drive forwards with my shoulder locking it into a taught position where no movement is possible.
Concept: Reach into cross collar
I want to gain a far collar grip across his throat with my free hand, securing his leg locked into place, stacking his guard forwards, this will enable me to put controlling pressure onto his throat enabling me to keep him still even more and freeing up my previous gripping hand to be able to move to a new grip of control in further steps
1) Lean Forwards More.
2) Pass Hand Of Leg Scooping Arm Into Thumb Down Collar Grip Across Throat.
(1) We lean forward onto the leg further, taking away more slack and
(2) pass the collar across to our other hand and taking as deep a collar grip as possible with our thumb on the inside, fingers on the outside. This will allow us to drive our elbow down, driving the blade of our wrist into his throat to apply pressure, locking his body into place, making the opponent unable to move.
Concept: Grab The Knee
By grabbing his knee with my now free hand this stops him being able to turn back into me and keeps his leg still and in place unable to follow me once I remove the shin in the next step.
This grip and replace method can be seen constantly throughout this and other techniques and is a key fundamental concept that is important to learn.
1) Switch Grip To Knee.
(1) I can now take my hand that was previously holding his collar and take a grip of the material at his knee.
Concept: Switch Knees
Now i have both of his legs pinned and controlled with my arms I can move my hips and legs around the outside of his guard while he is stuck in place by my weight and grips.
1) Hand Grabbing Knee.
2) Outside Knee Down.
3) Inside Knee Up.
4) Leaning My Weight Onto Him.
5) Hips Driving Down And Around.
6) Shoulder Leaning Down And Across Towards Opponents Far Shoulder.
7) Pushing Knee Down.
8) Pressure on Throat.
(1) With my hand still grabbing his knee, (2) My outside knee now comes down as (3) my inside one goes up, 4) leaning my weight down onto him as 5) I drive my hips forward into his, while (6) pushing down with my shoulder in a twisting across motion (7) driving his knee up and back towards his opposite shoulder, as (8) I continue to lever my wrist down onto his throat keeping him compressed and under controlling pressure.
Concept: Switch And Roll Hips
This creates an open path for me to pass on this side, with my partner held in place, my hips, legs and shoulder are free to slide around him, passing his guard.
1) Hips Roll Around His.
2) Outside Leg Slides Backwards.
3) Body Weight On Him With No Gaps.
4) Leg Drove Down And Away.
5) Downwards Shoulder Shrug.
6) Leg Clears Head.
(1) I proceed to roll my hips around his by (2) driving my outside leg back (3) driving the weight down onto his hips moulding around them closing down any space and (4) driving his leg back and away until (5) with a simple downwards shoulder shrug it (6) clears past my head.
Concept: Block Hips & Secure Head Control & Underhook
Now I have passed my opponents guard I need to consolidate my side control position to keep him still and prevent him from returning to guard by blocking his hips and establishing head control and an underhook giving me seat belt control around his upper body.
1) Keep Leg Grip.
2) Block Hips with Leg.
3) Gain Head Control.
4) Gain Underhook.
(1) Keeping the leg grip on my partner, (2) I block his hips with my inside leg, (3) then remove my far collar grip and wrist from his throat wrapping his head with my arm to gain head control. (4) I then remove my grip on his knee and pummel under his far armpit for an underhook, effectively giving me seat belt control around his upper body.
Concept: Bring Leg Back
Now that I have control of my partners upper body and have removed all space between him and me, Ive flattened him out and he is stuck on the spot, this means i can remove my leg from his hips now as they cant turn into me as easily, this lowers my own hips for a heavier pin and means I can move closer to his upper body with a 90 degree angle where any future attacks and transitions will take place with my legs now also further away from the danger of his guard seeking legs.
1) Bring Leg Back Lowering Hips.
2) Shuffle Body Closer To Head For 90 Degree Angle Pin.
(1) I move my leg back away from his hips straightening it and lowering my hips and (2) shuffle my body closer to his head giving my pin a 90 degree angle.
Concept: Pull Arm Up
My partners forearm wedged in my hip is one of his primary defensive tools. It keeps my pin from being as tight as it could be and pushing on it is one of the key ways he can start to create space, by taking this wedge away, I can reduce his chances of escape and put myself a move another move ahead of him as he now likely needs to regain this to escape.
1) Reach Under Elbow / Bicep.
2) Pull Arm Up.
(1) I reach back with my head control arm and take a grip on the back of my partners arm just in front of his elbow on his bicep and (2) pull it up out of my hip.
Concept: Put Knee Under Arm
By sliding my knee under my opponents arm I can trap it into place between my own arm and knee, solidifying my own pin further and making it more difficult for him to escape and safer for me to advance my offence.
1) Slide Inside Knee Under Arm.
(1) I slide my outside leg under his arm tight against his head, fully establishing my dominant pin and putting me in a great position to proceed to a submission or transition to another pin.
Technique 2 Optional Extra Stack Choke
Concept: Raise Opponents Hips
By raising my opponents hips up off the ground and squaring them, we can reach underneath them and secure a controlling grip with which to lift further.
1) Pull On Knee.
2) Drive Forwards With Shoulder And Hips.
3) Lifting His Hips Up Off The Floor.
4) Squaring His Hips Back Towards Us.
(1) using our grip on our opponents knee we pull it up and towards us (2) while driving forwards with our shoulder and hips, (3) this lifts his hips off the ground and turns them back towards us, creating space underneath him for us to reach into in the next step.
Concept: Switch Grip To Back Of Belt
By transferring my grip from his knee to his belt, trousers or Gi jacket, I can lift and control his hips directly enabling me to raise them much higher and redirect his bodyweight towards my choking arm on his throat in the next step.
1) Switch Grip To Back Of Belt, Trousers Or Gi.
Concept: Lift Hips Up Over Head
By lifting his hips up and stacking them with his own bodyweight directly over his head and my choking arm which is pressuring down into my opponents throat I can amplify the choke with enormous pressure which is then amplified further with my the addition of my own bodyweight and elbow pressure and will cause my opponent to tap in submission.
1)Lift Hips Over Head.
2) Drive Forwards With Shoulder And Body.
3) Push Down With Elbow Of Choking Arm.
4) Lean Own Bodyweight Onto Choking Arm.
(1) I now lift his hips up (2) driving forwards, sending them over his head. (3 At the same time pushing the elbow of my choking arm down driving my wrist into his throat and (4) leaning my own bodyweight onto my arm intensifying the choke, resulting in a tap.
Optional Step 2:4)
Concept: Move To Pass If Opponent Escapes Choke
Our opponent may give us the pass as a means to escape the impending choke.
1) Opponent throws his leg back and off my head.
2) Sending His Hips Down To The Floor.
3) Drive Forwards Passing His Guard In The Process.
As I am driving forwards my opponent throws his leg back and off my head sending his hips down to the floor, I continue driving forwards, passing his guard in the process.
Concept: Solidify Side Control
As in steps 8 to 11 in our first technique, I now want to solidify my pin to control my opponent and reduce his chances of movement and escape, allowing me to score points and proceed to a submission or transition to another pin position.
1) Gain Head and Underhook Control.
3) Remove Hip Wedge Arm And Trap It Between My Knee And Arm.
I block my opponents hips with my leg (see step 8 of technique 1) and (1) establish head control followed by an underhook to gain seatbelt control of my opponents upper body. I can now remove my blocking leg from my opponents hips moving round into a 90 degree pin position towards my opponents head away lowering my hips and taking my legs away from the danger of his, allowiing me to have a good chance of controlling the established position for around 3 seconds to gain my 3 points for the guard pass and be in a great position to further my attacks and submit my opponent.